Today, headaches and migraines are very frequent, especially in women, because there are several triggers such as; traffic, accumulated work, worries about some problem, among others; which can cause you a headache. That you will surely relieve by taking a pill, because it is the quickest solution you have on hand, but if it does not fulfill its function, it means that your headache is causing something else; you have to be attentive because it can be your body. We have some tricks for you on how to get rid of a headache without medicine, which will help you pacify the pain of intense headaches in no time without any drugs.
Sometimes your body is trying to talk to you; you may be suffering from migraines or migraine headaches. Precisely on these diseases, this article will show you the differences, the types of headaches, the causes, how to treat you when you have an episode of a headache, you will also know how to anticipate a crisis and some healthy habits to prevent headaches or headaches. This information is very important, especially so you learn to differentiate them and you can calm the pain to continue with your routine in a normal way, as suffering from a headache can ruin your day provoking a bad mood, moving away from the people you love, causing interference in the workplace. Do not be overwhelmed you just have to know its origin in depth, in addition to all the information that follows, so that you can have control of your mood, relieving that headache that shortens your happiness.
Some medical experts on this problem calculate that most headaches produced by nervous tension. Only 6% attributed to a migraine, which produced by poor blood circulation to the brain. They usually occur on one side of the head and sometimes accompanied by nausea, blurred vision, vomiting, and rejection of light, movement, and extreme noise. In females, you can probably have a hormonal connection, because most of the time they occur at times when it undergoes its menstrual cycle.
Frequent headaches are often signs that there is a latent health problem. Those of a tensional type often triggered by excessive stress, too much exercise, or other external factors. Cluster headaches cause intense pain that centers around one eye, with tearing and nasal congestion on the same side. It usually lasts from a quarter of an hour to four hours and can happen several times in a day.
According to the International Classification of Headache, there are more than 150 types of a headache, which can be divided into three main categories: primary, secondary and other headaches.
Unlike the secondary ones, primary headaches occur in the absence of a physical disorder, so they are not dangerous.
1. Tension headache
A tension-type headache is the most common of all. These headaches caused by muscle tension; this can be due to stress or physical causes, such as the intense and continuous contraction of the muscles of the neck or the jaw.
This type of a headache usually manifests as a constant tension or pressure on both sides of the head. In the most intense cases, even touching the affected muscles can cause pain.
Tension headaches usually cause milder pain and are therefore less disabling than migraines and other types of a headache, but there is a high risk that episodic tension headache will become chronic, with attacks occurring on almost all days.
Migraines are headaches caused by the activation of neurons in the cerebral cortex. Some experts also attribute them to the narrowing of brain blood vessels, which would cause blood and oxygen not reach the brain correctly. However, the vascular hypothesis of a migraine has lost support in the recent past.
This type of a headache produces more intense pain than most tension headaches. Migraines usually consist of feelings similar to punctures or pulsations on one side of the head.
The stimuli that trigger a migraine vary enormously depending on the person: it can be due to stress, effort, lack of sleep, intense lighting, and consumption of certain foods…
We distinguish between migraines with aura and migraines without aura. Migraines without aura are the most frequent and appear suddenly, while migraines with aura preceded by visual, sensory, linguistic and motor symptoms.
3. Trigeminal-autonomic headache
The trigeminal nerve receives the sensations captured by many muscles of the head, such as those of the face, eyes, mouth or jaw. Headaches involving mainly trigeminal reflex action known as “trigeminal-autonomic”.
The symptoms of this type of a headache are very similar to those of a migraine, so they usually affect only one-half of the head and consist of pulsatile pain. However, the intensity of the pain is greater than that of migraines.
A trigeminal-autonomic headache includes syndromes such as a cluster headache, a very painful type of a headache that affects the eyes and temples region and is associated with symptoms such as nasal congestion, tearing and facial sweating.
4. Thyroid headache
Although it is uncommon in the general population, headache occurs in a significant proportion of people who come to the doctor because of an intense cough.
Some common symptoms of a headache are nausea, dizziness, and sleep disorders. These headaches triggered after coughing attacks and can be very brief or last for more than an hour.
5. Physical exertion
They are classified as “a headache by physical exertion” those in which the symptoms are not due to any intracranial cause, but simply to the practice of very intense exercise.
It occurs more frequently in places where it is very hot or at a high altitude, and the pain is usually of a pulsatile type.
6. Sexual relation
A primary headache associated with sexual activity attributed to a loss of cerebrospinal fluid causing a decrease in intracranial tension. The pain occurs on both sides of the head and intensifies as the person becomes aroused, reaching its peak when it reaches orgasm.
“A headache by cryostimulation” is the official name for a classic headache caused by contact with something very cold, either because it touches the outside of the head, because it inhaled or swallowed, like ice cream. The pain of a headache by cryostimulation tends to be sharp, unilateral and of short duration.
8. Hippica headache
“Wake-up” headaches appear only during sleep, causing the person to wake up. It usually affects people over 50 and tends to be persistent. They share some characteristics with a migraine, such as nausea.
Secondary headaches are a consequence of conditions, such as vascular disorders or brain lesions, which are symptomatic of pain and may require specific treatment depending on the underlying cause.
Stroke in the skull or in the neck, such as those caused by traffic accidents, can cause temporary or chronic headaches (if they last more than three months from the trauma).
Not only can the blows cause traumatic headaches, but they can also be due to other causes, such as explosions and the presence of foreign bodies in the head.
In general, these headaches appear along with other symptoms caused by the same trauma, such as concentration or memory problems, dizziness, and fatigue.
2. Vascular disorder
This type of a headache is a consequence of cerebrovascular problems such as ischemic stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, aneurysm or congenital arteriovenous malformation. In these cases, the headache is usually less relevant than other consequences of the vascular accident.
3. Consumption or withdrawal of substances
Abuse or inhalation of substances such as alcohol, cocaine, carbon monoxide or nitric oxide can also cause and aggravate headaches. In addition, the elimination of substances that consumed in a habitual way, as can happen with alcohol and drugs, is another frequent cause of a headache.
Some common causes of this type of a headache are bacterial or viral meningitis and encephalitis, parasitic infections and systemic infections. Although in most cases, the headache disappears once the infection has healed, in some cases it may persist.
5. Mental Disorder
Sometimes headaches categorized as secondary to psychiatric disorders if there is a temporal and causal relationship between both phenomena. However, in these cases, the pain seems to have a psychogenic rather than a biological origin.
In this sense, the International Classification of Headaches attaches particular importance to psychotic and somatization disorders, consisting of the presence of physical symptoms in the absence of identifiable medical pathology.
The most common symptoms that occur when there is a headache are – Sleeping in an abnormal position, trying too hard, Tighten the jaw or grind teeth. Perform an activity that forces the person to hold the head in a position for a long time, such as when using a computer, a microscope or a typewriter. However, depending on the kind of a pain headache, the symptoms vary: – If a headache is bilious, there is a slight but constant pain in the forehead, and throbbing at the temples. It caused by excess food, indigestion and lack of exercise. – In the temples, a burning and burning pain, pain in the temples or in the ears when chewing, loss of weight, and problems of vision. It is common after age 55. It caused by inflammation of the temporal arteries. – Clustered, severe and throbbing pain on one side of the head, redness of the face, tearing and nasal congestion between one and three times a day for several weeks or months, lasting from a few minutes to several hours. Caused by stress, alcohol, and smoking.
– Menstrual, migraine-like pain that occurs shortly before, during or after menstruation. It caused by oscillations at the estrogen level.
– A classic migraine, the pains are similar to those of a common migraine but preceded by auras like visual alterations, numbness of legs and arms, a perception of strange odors, hallucinations. It caused by excessive dilatation or contraction of the blood vessels of the brain.
– A common migraine, severe and throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head, cold hands, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sounds. It caused by excessive dilatation or contraction of the blood vessels of the brain.
– For abstaining from caffeine. Throbbing pain produced by the dilation of blood vessels. Caused by caffeine withdrawal.
– For arthritis, pain in the back of the head or neck that gets worse with movement. Swelling in the joints and muscles of the shoulder or neck. The causes are unknown.
– Congestion of the sinuses, bite-like pain that presents with permanent discomfort in the area of the paranasal sinuses, which tends to increase as the day progresses. It can present with fever and colorless discharge. Infection, allergies, nasal polyps, food allergies, cause it.
– For alcohol consumption, migraine-like pain, with palpable pain and nausea. Caused by alcohol, it causes dehydration and dilation of the blood vessels of the brain.
– For physical exertion, generalized headache or glove after exertion. It usually related to a migraine or cluster pain. About 10% related to organic diseases, such as tumors or malformation
• Massage your head
Virtually all of us have suffered at some time in our lives a headache, that annoying oppressive feeling in the head, the scalp or the neck. There are many factors in the world around us that can cause that sensation, not just suffering from a disease like the flu. The stress, poor diet, fatigue, fatigue, menstrual period or a bad body position can because pain appears, but also, for some people, certain perfumes, food or noises can trigger this feeling.
In many cases, the headache caused by a wrong lifestyle, so introducing small healthy changes will usually get around the pain. Other times, the damage already was done and, at first glance, we begin to feel as if some giant hands pressed us in the felt. In both cases, both to prevent and to heal, the following tricks are useful, as long as our problems are punctual and we do not suffer other complications such as a migraine, for which we would need medical help.
• Massage your head
One of the easiest and most effective ways to reduce pain is to massage our heads carefully, preferably with the thumb, forefinger, and ring, by drawing circles on the parts that most hurt us like temples, neck or scalp. This tactic also serves to treat a migraine, as suggested by research published in the Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, which claimed that people who had spent 45 minutes per week on this exercise suffered far fewer headaches.
That our head hurts after a night of celebration and alcohol is due to the dehydration that this drink produces in our organism; hence, the simplest remedy is to replenish liquids by drinking water. The same goes for some normal headaches. As suggested by a research published in Family Practice, drinking water can offer relief to people suffering from headaches, which, added to the fact that it is a very non-invasive solution, recommend drinking about seven glasses of water a day.
• Eat well
As with dehydration, one of the first symptoms our body tells us to eat is a headache. It is usually hypoglycemia, that is, low blood sugar levels. The best recipe in such cases is to consume foods rich in complex carbohydrates, such as cereals, beans or peas, and proteins such as meat.
• Breathe deeply
Since one of the main causes of headaches is stress, and breathing exercises serve to put an end to it, what better than to learn to practice them, as suggested by the English Social Security guide. For example, we can try to breathe deeply until we feel our stomach fill with air, and then release it slowly, counting to five. Eventually, we will feel better.
• Apply ice (or heat)
One of the most common home remedies. Put a handful of ice cubes in a closed bag and apply it over the part of the head that hurts, preferably if you are lying in a comfortable position; with a quarter of an hour should be more than enough. Another alternative is the opposite that is, taking a shower of hot water, especially if our headache caused by a sinus problem, i.e. inflammation of the sinuses.
• Make love
Maybe when our head hurts, getting into bed for something other than sleep is what we least fancy (and, in fact, is one of the most common excuses), but according to research, sexual activity can relieve the symptoms of a headache. Why? Because this causes the release of endorphins, a narcotic substance that works as a neurotransmitter and that serves to calm the very intense pain.
• Perform resistance training
Maintaining a good shape and playing sports is often almost essential to keep headaches at bay. A study by the Danish National Research Center for the Working Environment (NRCWE) suggested an, even more, concrete alternative: performing resistance band exercises for 2 minutes a day can significantly reduce the chances of migraine headaches, as it strengthens the neck and shoulders and improves blood circulation.
• Drink coffee
Not all scientists agree on this point, but there are good reasons to think that coffee can combat headaches in some cases. As head of the Geisinger Headache Center Todd Rozen explains in Live Science, coffee can relieve symptoms because it constricts blood vessels and the headache originates when these dilated. In addition, caffeine has a mild soothing effect and facilitates the absorption of certain medications. However, it is very likely that if you drink coffee every day and stop doing it, you have a severe headache. Taking more than five coffees will not only do nothing but will probably be very harmful in the end.
• Rest well
A truism, but in most cases a headache will only disappear if we rest since it is the way our body warns us that it is reaching its limit. However, it is common for us to move forward, not stopping, taking pills that partly mask the symptom. Instead of making matters worse, it is preferable to stop for a few moments, take a nap and, especially, sleep every night enough if we do not want a headache to return during the day.